Martin Luther King Jr.: The Chief Aim of Education Is to Save Man From the Morass of Propaganda
This post first appeared at the Huffington Post.
Many of the civil rights movement’s demands had to do with the unequal schools and truncated educational opportunities African American children — and other children of color — faced.
But this Martin Luther King Jr. Day, I decided to reread the poignant essay King wrote on the purpose of education.
Only 18 and a student at Morehouse College in Atlanta, King was already grappling with some of the big questions that would consume him the rest of his life.
To me, the most striking part of the essay, written for his campus newspaper, is this: “To save man from the morass of propaganda, in my opinion, is one of the chief aims of education. Education must enable one to sift and weigh evidence, to discern the true from the false, the real from the unreal, and the facts from the fiction.”
In all the talk we have about proficiency rates, graduation rates, test scores, educator effectiveness, and everything else we talk about when we talk about education, it can be easy to miss the big picture. But even at 18, King had a keen grasp on the true purpose of education.
Some readers might need a little background on his reference to Eugene Talmadge — Talmadge served as governor of Georgia for three terms and was elected to a fourth in 1946, promising to maintain white supremacy and segregation, but died before the term began.
According to the Martin Luther King Jr. Encyclopedia, King’s father, a minister who also attended Morehouse, remembered that King once said to him, “Talmadge has a Phi Beta Kappa key, can you believe that? What did he use all that precious knowledge for? To accomplish what?”
Here, then, is young King’s essay on “The Purpose of Education.”
“As I engage in the so-called ‘bull sessions’ around and about the school, I too often find that most college men have a misconception of the purpose of education. Most of the “brethren” think that education should equip them with the proper instruments of exploitation so that they can forever trample over the masses. Still others think that education should furnish them with noble ends rather than means to an end.
“It seems to me that education has a two-fold function to perform in the life of man and in society: the one is utility and the other is culture. Education must enable a man to become more efficient, to achieve with increasing facility the legitimate goals of his life.
“Education must also train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking. To think incisively and to think for one’s self is very difficult. We are prone to let our mental life become invaded by legions of half-truths, prejudices, and propaganda. At this point, I often wonder whether or not education is fulfilling its purpose. A great majority of the so-called educated people do not think logically and scientifically. Even the press, the classroom, the platform, and the pulpit in many instances do not give us objective and unbiased truths. To save man from the morass of propaganda, in my opinion, is one of the chief aims of education. Education must enable one to sift and weigh evidence, to discern the true from the false, the real from the unreal, and the facts from the fiction.
“The function of education, therefore, is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. But education which stops with efficiency may prove the greatest menace to society. The most dangerous criminal may be the man gifted with reason, but with no morals.
“The late Eugene Talmadge, in my opinion, possessed one of the better minds of Georgia, or even America. Moreover, he wore the Phi Beta Kappa key. By all measuring rods, Mr. Talmadge could think critically and intensively; yet he contends that I am an inferior being. Are those the types of men we call educated?
“We must remember that intelligence is not enough. Intelligence plus character — that is the goal of true education. The complete education gives one not only power of concentration, but worthy objectives upon which to concentrate. The broad education will, therefore, transmit to one not only the accumulated knowledge of the race but also the accumulated experience of social living.
“If we are not careful, our colleges will produce a group of close-minded, unscientific, illogical propagandists, consumed with immoral acts. Be careful, ‘brethren!’ Be careful, teachers!”
Photo credit: Wikipedia