While gaps between student groups have narrowed over time at the below basic level of performance, gaps at the advanced level have widened. And among higher income groups, gap-widening between white students and students of color is more pronounced. Educators seeking to close gaps must raise the bar for all students.

This is the first report in the Shattering Expectations series, which includes “Finding America’s Missing AP and IB Students,” the second installment, and “Falling Out of the Lead: Following High Achievers Through High School and Beyond,” the third installment.

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