A Majority of Classroom Assignments Miss Key Levers for Student Engagement
Ed Trust’s new report explores how educators can use choice and relevancy to increase student learning
When students have the opportunity to attend classes that are engaging, creative, and relatable to their lives, they are more likely to succeed academically. Unfortunately, several new analyses have found that far too many students experience classroom assignments that fail to prepare them for life beyond school. In a new report, The Education Trust examines two powerful levers for engaging learners — choice and relevancy — and explores how educators can use these levers to increase student motivation and engagement.
“Classroom assignments — the daily tasks we ask our students to do — are a powerful lens for viewing teaching and learning,” said Tanji Reed Marshall, Ph.D., senior associate of P-12 practice at The Education Trust and coauthor of the report. “They reflect how students experience a curriculum and reveal a teacher’s expectations of what students can achieve.”
Under our current college- and career-ready standards, students are expected to collaborate and demonstrate critical thinking and problem solving skills, all of which require they be actively engaged in their learning. Ed Trust’s findings show that less than 3 percent of middle school math assignments and less than 15 percent of middle school literacy assignments allowed for student choice and relevancy.
In “Motivation and Engagement in Student Assignments: The Role of Choice and Relevancy,” Ed Trust explores how educators can bring choice and relevancy into their daily assignments. The authors explain how choice can and should be provided in terms of content, product, and process.
Teachers bring relevancy to assignments when they:
- Teach rigorous content using themes across disciplines, cultures, and generations; consider essential questions; and explore universal understandings
- Use real-world materials and events to explore salient topics
- Connect with the values, interests, and goals of their students
“In order to increase student motivation and engagement, students should be given meaningful choices in their learning, and tasks should be relevant, using real-world experiences and examples,” said Joan Dabrowski, Ed.D, assistant superintendent for teaching and learning in the Wellesley Public Schools and coauthor of the report. “As they work to motivate and engage students, educators should be cautious about using gimmicks or artificial techniques with unproven results. Rather, they should focus on connecting with students, bridging their known worlds with new concepts and ideas.”
“There is clearly work to do if we are committed to the idea that student motivation and engagement are important and will lead to improved academic achievement,” said Marshall. “This begins, first and foremost, with knowing and valuing students.”